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1, The influence of advertisements

 How do advertisements attract attention?

It all depends on what group of people the advertisement is aimed for. Young people look if it’s cool, hip, or fashionable; whereas older people tend to be more practical-minded, so those in charge of advertising need to have a clear idea of who they will be targeting with their advertisement, and plan accordingly. If the advertisement is geared to the younger generation, then showing how the product can help kids be more attractive, confident, or successful is good. Catchy music also helps attract attention and helps listeners remember it. If you’re trying to reach the older generation with your advertisement, explaining how the product will give them better health, or help them relax, or be happier may appeal to them.

Do young and old people have the same attitudes towards advertisements?

Definitely not. Every individual has his own unique attitude towards advertisements and the advantages and disadvantages that advertising brings. Both old and young people are inclined to believe and think that advertisements tend to be misleading, dishonest, phony, shallow, and at times annoying, especially when they’re not well made or dorky. On the other hand, if done well, they can be very creative, humorous, artistic, and enjoyable to watch .Those, however, are the exception, rather than the norm.

 Do you think advertisements are a good or bad influence on children?

Looking at today’s children, I would have to say advertisements have predominately had a negative influence on their lives and character. Ads create a discontentment with what children have and a desire to own more and to be like everyone else. Advertisements usually tend to be unrealistic and give a false impression of how the children should be or what will happen when they buy the product.

 Do you think advertisements actually influence people to buy things? And How?

When seen a lot. advertisements make products more familiar and ingrained in people’s mind, so when they want to buy something, they will take a brand that they recognize. In China, people want to be like the West and so they buy what they see on TV that the Western people have. They think that if they have this Western product, they will be as cool as this person, which is totally bizarre to my mind.

Government Control

Does the  Chinese government control advertisements in any way?

Of course. All TV media is controlled in some way by the government, so advertisements must be as well. The government prevents advertisements from having inappropriate content or content that is not in line with government policy. That is common in every country. I’m sure that if the advertisement is within normal bounds, then the government wouldn’t have much to say about it.

 Do you think there should be controls on advertising?

Yes, I do. Some things should not be advertised, such as cigarettes, which are harmful to people’s health. Most people are aware of their existence, so they don’t need to be promoted more. Children especially should not be shown advertisements that make harmful things look cool or interesting. Advertisements that have age-inappropriate content should also be banned.

 Do you think that advertisements for products that harm the health, such as cigarettes, should be allowed?

Now you are getting into freedom of choice and whether it would be better to just prohibit something from being advertised to get people to stop using the product, but unfortunately this just doesn’t work, as prohibition in the States found out. The best thing would be for the products just to not be manufactured, but this doesn’t work either because then they would be produced illegally, becoming more dangerous.

Can you think of any example of false advertising?

The biggest example that comes to my mind is McDonald’s advertisements. Every time I go to McDonald’s, I see pictures of happy, thin people with big smiles and perfect teeth holding hamburgers and cartons of French fries that are at least three times bigger than the real products. This advertisement clearly ignores three glaring facts. For one, if you eat at McDonalds a lot, you will not look like the people in the advertisement. Two, the hamburger and French fries are nowhere near the size pictured. Three, if you stand smiling holding a burger, nobody will think you are cool.

What kinds of products are most often ,most easily promoted by false advertising?

Well, most products are really promoted by false advertising. I hate to sound so cynical but I have a friend in the advertising business, and a lot of so-called experts advertising their product know absolutely nothing about it. In the field of beauty care products, this happens a lot. The poor women sitting at home with nothing to do except watch TV me are so susceptible to this kind of advertising.

 

2,QUESTIONS FOR PART 3:Internet Friends

Are you still in touch with your childhood friends?

Not many of them really, we launched on our own paths ever since we left, primary school. And as a matter of fact, I can’t recall the face or the names of my classmates in grade 4 or 5, if I happen to bump into them, they would just, look as strangers to me. Having said this, I still keep some close contacts ever since, and such friends have become my soul mate. To be honest. I couldn’t think of how miserable life would be if living without such friends.

Why some people lose contact with their childhood friends?

As for my generation, at the time we didn’t have any smartphone to keep contacts, so it’s easy to lose precious relationships. In contrast, today we can snap some photos, add friends on face book, to name but a few, which is hugely conducive to the maintenance of personal contacts. Another reason can be that there are some friends we often do not get along well, and there’s no point in keeping such contacts. At the end of the day, it’s quite a matter of taste and preference in friend selection that really counts.

Who is more important to you, friends or family?

In the deepest part of my heart, I think family natters more to me, although sometimes I may spend more time with my friends. You know, we can only be born once by our parents, but we can make new friends all the time. Besides, in this benefit-oriented society, only parents truly love us. Therefore, family should, carry more weight.

Do you have any foreign friends?

I have a foreign friend whose name is Martina. She comes from America and studies in the same college with me. We met accidentally. She was lost on the way to the language center and I happened to there. Martina is not a complete beauty, but she is always confident and optimistic, which makes her very attractive. She has bright eyes full of wisdom and curiosity but the bad thing about her is that she’s got a quick temper.

How do people in your country make friends these days?

Well to be honest, I would say that people have many different ways to get to know one another. The most common place is at the coffee shop where people of different ages would gather together and share their own stories about themselves. The second way is via Social networking websites like Facebook or Twitter. Needless to say, many teenagers today would log on the web and join some chat groups, which I reckon is the quite useful but may have some potential risks

Do you trust friends that you meet on the internet?

When it comes to friends on the virtual networks, I am pretty cautious. Although, social networking websites like Facebook or Twitter are wonderful platforms for people of all ages to get to know one another, most of the time It’s not reliable to lend your trust to those online friends. This is simply because some guys may treat your nicely and act like your close friends but the reality is that they are, trying to con some money out of your pocket. So the point is we should try to be on red filter when making use of the internet in general and social networks in

How do you get along with people you don’t like?

Well, there is a couple of ways that help when trying to be on good tarns with those you don’t want to have a talk with. The first method lies in a person himself. It is true that we should open our hearts and make efforts to nuke others feel at ease. During a conversation, it’s better if we feather our confidence and bring up the topic first hatha than waiting for others to break the ice. Secondly, individuals had better find more time to be close to each other and find out what they have in common. For example, after watching a comedy at the movie theater, two people found out that they love this type of film, and then they tried to arrange time to spend more time together. The two people ended up being intimate friends forever

Why is it hard to maintain friendships for some people?

Generally speaking, several factors are to blame when it comes to why some. people have a hard time getting along with other surrounding people. The first cause usually lies in the person himself. They tend to distance themselves from others and don’t have frequent talks and time to spend together. As a particular consequence, less mutual understanding is established and the relationship becomes weaker and weaker. Another culprit might be fast-paced lifestyle people suffer from nowadays. After a stressful day at the workplace, it is not uncommon to see many lose their temper or just want to stay home to let their hair down. This makes people spend time on their own, which means less time is spent on others.

Would you only make friends with people who are similar to you?  Do you like to be friends with someone who is different from you?

Yes, certainly. It is no doubt that we can make incredible headway in our relationships if we socialize with those we have at least something in common We may share some interests in or passion for movies or books. This is probably due to the fact that we can easily bring up conversations and keep the talks going when we have shared hobbies. Otherwise, both friends would remain silent all the time, which means less mutual understanding is established. Such a relationship is not going to last long, I reckon.

Do you like to have many friends?

Yes. of course. I’m an extrovert and would love to hang out with a group of friends instead of a few close friends. This is simply because I can become more independent and mature if I’m able to mix with people of different backgrounds, learn their life experiences. It is not wrong to say the bigger your social circle is, the more opportunities in life you can have. Some of your friends may help your find a decent job or lend you a hand Sometime in the not-so- distant future.

Do you think it is possible to be friends with someone if you never meet them in person? = Why Is it easier to make friends on the internet than in reality?

This is advanced age and many of our real life tasks are done virtually by using few mouse clicks. To be a friend, one does not need to be physically present with the others to make a friendship. Using different social communication platforms, we could easily make friendship with the other people living at different parts of the world. They do not need to meet every day in person to share their feelings and emotions. Rather, they are communicating easily using the social communication platform features like chatting or messaging, sharing their pictures etc. As a result, the necessity of licet ins physically every day or after a specific period appears to become less and less.

3, QUESTION FOR PART 3 : Special Meal

1. Describe what you think is a healthy diet.

Developing healthy eating habit isn’t as confusing or as restrictive as many people imagine. Personally, a healthy diet is the one which combines enough nutrients for one’s life. Therefore, consuming a variety of foods is very important because eating a wide assortment of foods helps ensure that you get all of the nutrients, especially the disease-fighting potential that foods offer.

Assortment (noun) a group or set of things of various types

2. Are there many vegetarians in your country?

Yes, they are. The number of people following vegetarianism has been increasing recently. It is thought that old people or those following a religious, like Buddhism, will be vegeterians; however, youngsters also join to vegetarian community because of many reasons.

3. Why do you think some people choose to be vegetarians?

People become vegetarians for many reasons, including health, religious convictions, concerns about animal welfare or the use of antibiotics and hormones in livestock, or a desire to eat in a way that avoids excessive use of environmental resources. Some people follow a largely vegetarian diet because they can’t afford to eat meat. Vegetarianism has become more appealing and accessible, thanks to the year-round availability of fresh produce, more vegetarian dining options, and the growing culinary influence of cultures with largely plant-based diets.

Antibiotics (noun) a drug that cures illnesses and infections caused by bacteria.

Livestock (noun) animals such as cows, sheep, and pigs that are kept on farms

Year-round (adj) happening, continuing, or available through the whole year

Culinary (adj) relating to food and how to cook it

4. Is the food that people eat today in your country different to the food that people used to eat in the past? (if yes, in what ways has it changed?)

Personally, eating style of most people has been changed recently. Significantly, food hygiene is mentioned everyday in news. Therefore, people are very cautious when they choose ingredients in reliable market/supermarket and cook properly. Those fat-free or low-fat food and veggies are more preferred in daily meal compared to in the past, choosing food were mostly based on interests.

Hygiene (noun) the practice of keeping yourself and the things around you clean, in order to prevent illness and disease

Veggie (n) a vegetable

5. How do you think the way we eat will change in the future?

Yes, I do. I think people nowadays pay more attention to healthy foods because the awareness of health has been raised among young and old people. Therefore, it will be a remarkable innovation in food consuming in the future.

6. Is American-style ‘fast food’ popular in your country? (Why? Popular with whom?)

Due to the trend of globalization, fast foods have become more and more popular such as KFC, Lotteria, Burger King or Domino. Why are those brands popular in our country? The first cause is needs of modern community which have intensive activities. In a family, both husband and wife have a tendency to have a job. Consequently, they do not have enough time to cook and the frequency of eating out increases. Secondly, efforts of fast food restaurant companies to enhance the nutritional quality of their products and services are also the cause of their popularity.

7. What do you think of this popularity- is it as good thing?

The popularity of fast food restaurants has certainly influenced some of the changes in the community. It brings benefits to this busy life with its quick service and convenience place. Other than that, the increasing number of customers that come to restaurants became the

reason for greater number of restaurant staff to be needed and the demand for restaurant personnel made it possible for more people to consider work in a restaurant as an attractive option. With this said, there are many more entry level job opportunities for people.

8. More and more people are becoming overweight nowadays. What do you think might be the causes of this?

One major consequence of eating fast food every day is excess calorie consumption. Most fast food contains calories from refined sugar and fats. It is also high in sodium from salt and other additives which can lead to some one to eat it more and more. Consuming more calories than human needs lead to obesity which causes some health problems such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and even cancer.

 

4, Family Type

In a typical family, who plays the leading role?

Well, the stereotype is that the father is the breadwinner of the family, the person who makes the decisions and takes responsibility for the whole family. This can be understandable because the father tends to occupy high positions in society while the mother tends to be housewife or only gets involved in some trivial work like cleaning or babysitting. However, this is not really the case in modern society where freedom and equality is being put a higher emphasis on. Women are as successful as men and are no longer in charge of the monotonous household chores like they were in the past

In your country, what kinds of family members usually live together?

Well, to the best of my knowledge, despite the increasing popularity of nuclear families, extended ones still exist in our society. Usually both parents and one, two or three kids would live together under the same roof. In other cases, a grandmother or grandmother joins them to take care of the small kids while the parents are away for work, for example. Other less common situations are many generations reside in the same house, usually a multi-story house. Families like these often consist of an uncle, aunt, and their families and so on. Typically, many problems occur when a great many members are in a similar place

Do young and middle-age people live with old people?

Frankly speaking, unlike in Western countries where it is common to send older grandparents to nursing homes, most people are bound by their duty,  which means that they should or, in another sense, have to pay back what their parents have given them. As a consequence, the young generations and middle- aged people tend to share the same house with older people. This can be beneficial since small children can receive special care from their grandparents, obtain invaluable hands-on experience and tend to develop a good code of conduct later on.

What would children do to make their parents proud?

I guess kids can have good performances at school and behave well to their teachers and the elders. Parents usually take a great pride in their kids if their children get a good score at school, or when others tell them that their kids are nice people. As well as this, I deem it a necessity if children help their parents out with mundane tasks ground the house like sweeping the floor, or washing the dishes.

Should teenagers have freedom?

To be honest, they should be given freedom to a certain extent. At this impressionable age, most teenagers can undergo a tough time in their personality growth and they’re particularly rebellious to their parents. Given this, parents should allow them to do what really interests them rather than forcing them to adopt certain behavioral patterns. Having said this, the role of parents is to monitor and advise their children to be on the right path, intervening when possible if their child makes mistakes or does something unacceptable.

Do you like to spend time on your own or with your family/friends?

I would love to hang out with my families more. As my parents are always pied up at work we can hardly manage time for one another. So, we often try our best to spend time by having a dinner together at some restaurants at the weekend or see a movie together if time permits. For me, it’s much better to build a close-knit family and strengthen our bonds.

What are parents’ responsibilities for their children?

Primarily, they are responsible for the safety and upbringing of their children. Obviously, it includes a lot of things, such as feeding them, comforting them and looking after them under any circumstances. They need to make sure that their  children have everything they need and are well looked after, have opportunities to learn about things, grow up and develop as well-mannered individuals.

What’s the influence of parents on their children?

At first, parents’ behaviors influence their children greatly. If parents are polite, generous and kind, their children tend to be like this. Besides, parents have influence on their children in making some great decisions. I think good parents should help their children make better decisions and offer them useful guidance. What’s more, parents’ attitudes to work, marriage and life can also influence their children. The children may lose confidence in love and marriage if their parents often quarrel.

5,Patience and Driving

Do you have patience?

Not at all! I’m quite an impatient person. I often feel on edge (stressed), especially when I’m behind the wheel or waiting in line. Moreover, I like immediate gratification, so I tend to lose my patience when I cannot obtain this.  This is one my biggestdownfalls (bad personality traits).

Do most people in your country have patience?

Not really. Since I come from a country of people who are used to having all conveniences at their fingertips (something easily accessible), they often become impatient when this doesn’t happen. Furthermore, people spend a lot of time commuting (traveling from home to work) to their offices in the mornings, which tends to leave them feeling antsy (anxious) as well as angry at other drivers.

Have you ever lost patience?

Who hasn’t? There have been several instances. I once became quite impatient while I was waiting in a convenience store, not to mention with people cutting the line repeatedly, and I just left my items there idly (not doing anything) and stormed out (left angrily) of the store.

When do you need patience the most?

That’s a difficult question. I think having patience in general is quite a virtue (a good trait). I think it’s good to have it with your life in general. When you have this, I imagine your life goes more at ease from step to step. Moreover, I think it’s important to have it with your children so that they aren’t raised in an angry environment, and furthermore so they can develop it later on in life.

Driving

Do you drive often?

Luckily not, as I despise driving. I usually take Ubers around the city, cycle, or walk when possible. I try to avoid driving at all costs (avoid no matter what), considering the traffic in my city is incredibly chaotic. Furthermore, there is a huge air pollution problem in my city, so I try to take this step to be more green (environmentally friendly).

Do you want your children to drive in future?

Out of necessity, yes. I would like for them to go through the process of getting their driver’s license just in case. For example, it would be helpful if their friend who drove them to a place gets too drunk to drive them home, etc. However, I would urge (push)them to drive as little as possible, since it’s quite risky and not environmentally friendly.

Do you have a driver’s license?

Yes, I do. I’ve had one for 10 years now. I still remember initially failing the test my first two tries, then eventually nailing it (doing it perfectly). Although I don’t use it very often, as I much prefer cycling or walking when possible, it’s still a benefit to have it.

At what age are people allowed to drive a car in your country?

Since I’m from a country that was made for cars with hardly any public transportation available, it’s almost necessary to have a car unless you live in a big city. With this said, we allow teenagers to get their license when they’re 16. Although it seems really young, I think it’s necessary to make life more convenient!

6, Practical Skills

 Compare the importance of practical skills and academic skills.

Well actually both are much needed in society. It seems to me that practical skills such as knowing how to cook a meal or clean a house or take care of children are slipping, whereas academic skills such as teaching a class or doing research seem to be on the rise. This is not bad in itself because there need to be people who are thinking about how things work and how to improve them, but the skills needed for everyday life shouldn’t be looked on as any less important than others.

 How can people learn practical skills?

A lot of these skills can be learned at home with their mother and father and family. Skills such as sewing, budgeting or maintenance can be learned from an aunt or uncle, grandfather or grandmother. If more difficult trades want to be learned, such as plumber or electrician or mason, there are vocational schools that could teach those. The main thing to learning a skill is the motivation that is involved.

Children and Practical skills

 What practical skills do children learn at school in China?

I’m afraid that there are not many. Academics are stressed so highly in schools that they seem to overshadow practical skills. I suppose students probably learn to listen to their teacher and how to behave and sit for long periods at a time and apply themselves. They also have to learn how to interact amongst themselves in a satisfactory way. They have to learn how to get up on time and be at their school, which teaches them responsibility. I guess it would help to define what practical skills we are talking about.

 Do you think children should learn some practical skills at school?

I think that children should learn practical skills at school. This would help to prepare them for life outside of school. A lot of times not much thought is put into how to manage money or take care of an apartment but I think these skills would be helpful. Life in the working world can be a lot different than the sheltered life of schooling, so having some practical skills such as those learned from a part-time job would be beneficial to a student.

How useful will these skills be to the children alter they leave school?

Well as I was saying in the previous question, these skills would be very helpful to children after they leave school. When a teenager goes from high school to college he has to start managing things on his own without the security of mom and dad. Even more so when a young adult graduates from college or university, he would also be very grateful to have some practical knowledge on how to survive in the working world.

Adult Education

 Do you think it’s useful for adults to attend classes to further their education?

Sure, why not, if it is something that they find useful in their lives and something that they enjoy. Learning is lifelong and I don’t know if it has to stop in old age. Now I know that a lot of times these adults are looked upon as teachers, but if they feel so inclined why not attend a class to further their education. If they are not able to keep up with the young students then this would be a detriment, but if there are no disruptions why not?

 What kinds of courses exist in China for adults?

There are wonderful exercise classes that are available for adults. I don’t know if you have seen large groups of older women out on the streets performing with various percussion instruments, but these are classes that help them to work together and perform for audiences. There are dancing classes available. There are even English classes available for senior citizens. There are Tai Chi classes also available to seniors here. As time goes on and the country develops there will be more classes that will be available for seniors.

 What are some reasons why adults might attend classes?

Well I guess one of the main ones is that they are working and they need to keep up with the latest technology that will help them to stay abreast of the latest in their fields. Sometimes they might even be thinking of switching careers so they take classes to get the training to do so. Other times they might just want to learn some things in their spare time that will enhance their life on a recreational level. Other times their bosses might want them to learn some special skill for the good of the company.

 Who do you think should pay for adult education—the government, the student or the company ,if it is a work-related course?

Again it depends on the course and why they are taking it. If it is for personal gain or gratification then of course students should be responsible to pay for it. If the government is offering a course and adults are interested in it then it is already paid for. If it is going to move the company ahead and bring financial results then of course the company should pay for it. Now if the company can’t pay for it and it interests the individual then it is up to him to get the money together to attend the class.

7, Cultures & Globalization

Do you think it’s important to know about other cultures?

I do think it’s extremely important to learn about other cultures. Not only can you find out interesting things, but it makes it easier to interact with those people if you ever come in contact with them. Also, it makes it a lot easier to do business with those cultures. It’s important to be educated about the world and not just shut yourself into your own country.

How can we benefit from learning about other cultures?

Several ways that people can benefit from other cultures are in business, personal relationships, and just in self-improvement. In business, it is necessary to know a little bit about whatever culture you plan to work with. For instance, I think in Muslim cultures, shaking hands with your left hand is considered extremely rude. If you didn’t know that, it could hurt your chances of doing business. Also, it’s important just to improve yourself by learning as much as you can, and culture is a good subject.

 What do you think is the best way to learn about another culture?

Obviously, the best way to learn about a culture is to go there and experience it. If you can get a feel for the culture firsthand, it will be a lot easier to pick things up, But I also believe that you can learn a ton about other cultures just by reading books about them. Reading about people’s experiences in foreign lands is the next best thing to being there.

 Do you think that learning foreign languages can help us understand foreign cultures?

I’m not sure that just learning the language is a good way to learn about a culture, but most places where you would learn a language would help you learn about the culture, so indirectly, yes. The language alone isn’t great for understanding culture. For instance, German is a really harsh language, but Germans aren’t harsh people. You really need to study more than the language if you want to get to know a culture.

 Do you think it’s better to go overseas to study a foreign language or to study it in your home country?

I think it is better to study a language in its native country. When you do that, you are engulfed in the language and forced to encounter it outside of the classroom. Otherwise, your only exposure to the language is when you’re studying or in the classroom. I know firsthand that when learning a foreign language in your home country, it is easy to lose what you have learned.

Globalization

What is your understanding of the term “globalization”?

Globalization, in my mind, is the idea that the world is becoming smaller, so societies can interact and exchange culture more easily and more efficiently. Unfortunately, because some countries are richer and have more influence than others, certain cultures get spread around more than others. On the whole, however, globalization is a good thing because it is not the only culture that gets spread, but things like information and medicine can help people.

 Do you think globalization is a good thing?

Yes, globalization has its problems, but for the most part, it is good for most people involved. Some people have different opinions because they are really concerned with the loss of culture, but for me, the benefits outweigh the drawbacks. People have access to more information, so diseases can be better treated, food can be made more efficiently, and goods that make people’s lives easier are now available.

 Do you think it’s easier to learn about other cultures today than it was before?

Yes, of course, it is. All you have to do is to look at art from long ago, about foreign cultures and you can see the lack of knowledge people had. Today, with the Internet and the number of books available, it is almost impossible to be ignorant. It is so easy to learn about anything you want.

8, Single life & marriage

  1. If you are 35 years old without marriage, do you still waiting for your true love? Why?

I would say it might be the case since I’d prefer to stay single rather than end up with the wrong person. It is not a surprise, I believe, because there are plenty of people who still enjoy their every moment without a life partner. On the one hand, the number of divorces or unhappy marriages have been increasing tremendously over the years and its consequences are upsetting such as dysfunctional family, domestic violence, child neglect and the list could go on. On the other hand, people can find happiness in different places and activities without committing their life to one particular person, especially those who aren’t worth it. Therefore, I wouldn’t settle for anything less than what I deserve.

  • end up with (idiom): to finish with the possession of someone or something or in the company of someone or something
  • dysfunctional (a): not working normally or properly
  • domestic violence (n): family violence
  • child neglect (n): a form of child abuse, and is a deficit in meeting a child’s basic needs, including the failure to provide adequate health care, supervision, clothing, nutrition, housing as well as their physical, emotional, social, educational and safety needs
  • settle for anything less (n) commit to a person just because you feel like you can’t do any better:
  1. Who will pay for the wedding cost? Man or woman or both? Why?

Budget planning for weddings can be an extreme headache and deciding who pays what might not be easy since there are tons of expenses to cover such as the rings, floral arrangements, honeymoon and so on. Hence, I believe depending on each couple’s financial status, they should carefully discuss and choose a cost-splittingoption that works best for them. For example, if both are financially abundant, they can share the cost equally. Otherwise, one who is more well-off can cover a greater portion of the expense.

  • floral (a): made of flowers
  • split (v): to divide, or to make something divide, into two or more parts
  • abundant (a): existing in large quantities; more than enough
  • well-off (a): having a lot of money
  1. What do you think is the best age to marry?

I don’t believe that there is a right time for anything, marriage included. It’s more about the maturity of the two people than the age itself, I think. People mature at different rates, physically and emotionally, and not until after they can fully acknowledge their life issues and handle them with rationale and thorough consideration, are they ready to get settled and find happiness in their marriage life. Besides, financial situation also plays a significant part in this once-in-a-lifetime decision. Many divorces have been directly resulted from the lack of money or financial insecurity. Therefore, only when people can fully support themselves, should they consider to start a family.

  • maturity (n): the quality of thinking and behaving in a sensible, adult manner
  • rationale (n) the principles or reasons which explain a particular decision, course of action, belief, etc.
  • once-in-lifetime: very special because you will probably only have it once
  • insecurity (n): the state of not being safe or protected
  1. Do you think weddings in your countries waste lots of money?

It’s absolutely a yes to me. Maybe I’m a minimalist, therefore, I consider weddings one of those occasions when people are willing to pour money down the drain with exorbitantly high and unnecessary items and ceremonies. For example, in XYZ, where I come from, couples tend to have a huge reception where hundreds of guests are invited while, in my opinion, it should be an intimate one where people can share and celebrate the delight of life with their family and close friends only. In addition, other wedding expenses including floral arrangements, invitations, photography, costumes and so many more also cost people more than they should since I believe they’re more show than substance.

  • minimalist (n): person who is interested in keeping things very simple
  • pour money down the drain (idiom): to waste money; to throw money away
  • exorbitantly (adv): to a very high degree that does not seem reasonable
  • delight (n): a feeling of great pleasure
  • more show than substance (idiom): value luxurious things rather than the quality
  1. Why use lots of money for weddings?

I myself can hardly understand why couples are constantly spending an outrageous amount of money on their weddings but I may have some thoughts. First of all, it’s a once-in-a-lifetime event, at least for most people, hence, they want to have a lavish celebration which no one can ever forget. Whether it’s a wedding invitation or reception venue, everything has to be of top quality. Secondly, big weddings might be a tradition in some countries. It’s customary in many cultures to have several ceremonies and celebrations in order to have a fulfilling married life. Last but not least, they can afford it. Some well-off couples love to show off their wealth and wedding is an ideal occasion.

  • outrageous (a): very unusual and slightly shocking
  • lavish (a): large in amount, or impressive, and usually costing a lot of money
  • customary (a): if something is customary, it is what people usually do in a particular place or situation
  • fulfilling (a): causing somebody to feel satisfied and useful
  1. In a traditional family in your country, what male do in the family? And what about female? Why?

It comes as no surprise that women are still responsible for most of the housework in a family, traditional or not. Even though gender equality is actively promoted in modern society, there is still an imbalance in household chores division. Housewives take care of almost everything from cooking, laundering, dish washing to house cleaning while their husbands are only concerned with some hard work occasionally such as mending pipes or gardening.

  • come as no surprise (idiom): will not be surprising [for someone] to learn [something]
  • imbalance (n): a situation in which two or more things are not the same size or are not treated the same, in a way that is unfair or causes problems
  • mend (v): to repair something that has been damaged or broken so that it can be used again
  1. Do you think man should take care of baby? Why?

Both mother and father have fundamental roles in a child’s development from birth through adulthood, I believe. Hence, men should be more active in raising kids since they can boost their children, intellectually and socially. Research has shown that children who have a close father-child relationship are likely to have better social skills and fewer behavioral problems since they are more emotionally secure. Meanwhile, a distant or non-existent father-child bond could take a horrendous toll on a kid’s self-esteem and self-belief. Thus, if you want to raise a well-rounded kid, pay attention to them.

  • fundamental (a): serious and very important; affecting the most central and important parts of something
  • intellectually (adv): in a way that is connected with or using a person’s ability to think in a logical way and understand things
  • take a toll on (idiom): to have a bad effect on somebody/something; to cause a lot of damage, deaths, suffering, etc.
  • horrendous (a): extremely unpleasant
  • self-esteem (n): a feeling of being happy with your own character and abilities
  • well-rounded (a): having a variety of experiences and abilities and a fully developed personality
  1. Do you think man should do housework? Why?

Housework is definitely not women’s sole responsibility and men should share domestic chores with female members in family for his own good as well as others’. Becoming more disciplined and independent is the very first benefit when men take care of their own housework. Most men, especially wealthy ones, prefer to have their housemaid do all the work from cleaning the house to cooking. However, what if she gets sick or has emergency issues, are they willing to go out with dirty socks? Hence, no one can look after you better than yourself. Furthermore, they are likely to become more understanding and thoughtful husbands. Men who are not shy away from “housewife’s duties” will be more well-prepared for married life since they don’t mind rolling up their sleeves to help their family.

  • for one’s own good (idiom): being or done for the benefit of oneself
  • disciplined (a): able to control the way you behave and to make yourself do things that you believe you should do
  • shy away from (phrasal verb): to avoid something that you dislike, fear, or do not feel confident about
  • roll up one’s sleeves (idiom): prepare to fight or work
  1. What kind of traditional wedding in your country?

In XYZ, we celebrate weddings like most parts of the world, except with some extra special features in our ceremonies and costumes. Normally, a bride will be dressed in a white gown with an elegant bridal veil to complete her dreamy and stunning look. She will be accompanied by several bridesmaids who are usually her close friends or relatives. Meanwhile, tuxedo or suit is a groom’s attire in this special event and he also has his best man carry the wedding rings. In addition, we do have our traditional wedding costumes which are far more sophisticated and cumbersome to wear, however, some couples still prefer them at other minor ceremonies beside the main one at the church.

  • veil (n): a covering of very thin transparent material worn, especially by women, to protect or hide the face, or as part of a hat, etc.
  • accompany (v): to travel or go somewhere with somebody
  • attire (n): clothes
  • cumbersome (a): large and heavy; difficult to carry

 

9, QUESTIONS FOR PART 3: Plan or no plan

Which do you prefer? Having plans or having no plans?

I have inclination for becoming organized and prepared for upcoming challenges. Drawing up a plan in advance can equip people with some knowledge when something unexpected comes up, or when everything just doesn’t go according to plan. Without a plan, people can feel at a loss and have nothing to fall back on when they are in the face of adversity. However, it should be pointed out that we shouldn’t get into too much detail, instead, just getting the picture as to what’s gonna happen and how plan can be  developed is enough for us to tackle it. I mean that plan there are a lot of external circumstances which precludeour detailed plan from coming true; as a result, there is no need to be too precise.

Have inclination for (phrase) have a feeling that you want to do something

Draw up (phrasal verb) to prepare and write something such as a document or plan

Equip somebody/something with something (phrase) to provide a person, object, or place with the things that they need for a particular purpose

Come up (phrasal verb) if a problem comes up, it happens and needs to be dealt with immediately

To be at a loss (phrase) unable to know how to act or what to do

Fall back on (phrasal verb) to depend on something after a loss or failure

Adversity (noun) a difficult period in your life in which you have many problems

Point out (phrasal verb) to tell someone something

In detail (phrase) including many facts or aspects of a situation

Get the picture (idiom) understand something

Preclude something from something (verb) if one thing precludes another, the first thing prevents the second one from happening

Precise (adj) exact and accurate

In general, do you think planning is important?

To be honest, I am a great planner and can hardly stick to my original plan. Yet, that’s what planning is all about. They say “plan to fail and fail to plan” for a reason. Even though I usually end up ruining my schedule, I make a habit of noting my thoughts and what I have to do the next day, next week and next month since I think it’s one of the best way to organize my mind and my life as well. Without a plan, even a generic one, you’re just going around without making any progress towards your goals and advance in your career. Therefore, making sure to keep track of my schedule and personal goals through planning is my top priority.

Make a habit of: to do something so often that it becomes a habit

Generic (a): not specific

Make progress: to move forward in one’s work or activity

Keep track of: to continue to know what is happening to something or someone

 Why do people make plans?

Some believe planning is not for everyone since many wants to live spontaneously without thinking too much but others have different opinions. People are into planning since many benefits it may bring. Planning helps you clarify your goals, strategize your tactics and stay on track. Even if sometimes you mess it all up, you will eventually get back to your ultimate destination. Without a plan, you are simply lost in a maze of inconsequential decisions.

Spontaneously (adv): n a way that is not planned but done because you suddenly want to do it

Clarify (v): to make something clearer or easier to understand

Strategize (v): devise a strategy

Stay on track: to stay on the path that one is on

Ultimate (a): most extreme; best, worst, greatest, most important, etc.

Inconsequential (a): not important or worth considering

10, IELTS Speaking Part 3: Waste Money

Why do young people tend to waste money?

People tend to waste more money because they like to flex (try to look cool) or pretend in front of their friends. They want to show that they can afford things that maybe the other can’t like the latest iPhone or expensive vacations. So, it’s all something superficial for young kids.

Why is it important for people to save some of their money?

Saving money is important because you don’t know how the future is going to be, maybe you will go through rough times where you wish you’ve saved all the money you spent on mundane objects. Still, I think it’s all about balance. Don’t fret (worry) over money too much, but also don’t spend it like a drunken sailor (like a crazy person).

Should children be taught how to manage money?

Children should be taught how to manage their money, it is very important that from the very beginning we all know how to give the best use of our money- it could be saving or investing. Instead of learning so many mathematical skills that we may never use in the school system, I think they should have more classes like this.

Who is better at saving more money, men or women?

I would say that it does not depend on the gender, it depends fully in the kind of education we received as kids and also in schools. They say that men can be impulsive, but I know a fair share of women who are the same way. On the other hand, perhaps women spend more on physical maintenance, but by the same token (in the same way), there are also many men who do so.